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Coronavirus Vaccine Updates

 

Coronavirus Vaccine Updates

 

Coronavirus-Vaccine-Updates
coronavirus medicine updates

The vaccine will be available across the World from next week. Coronavirus Vaccine Updates. Indian States Info.

 

The NHS has decades of experience in delivering large scale vaccination programmes and will begin putting their extensive preparations into action to provide care and support to all those eligible for vaccination.

 

 

HOW IT SPREADS

The virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or exhales. These droplets are too heavy to hang in the air, and quickly fall on floors or surfaces.

You can be infected by breathing in the virus if you are within close proximity of someone who has COVID-19, or by touching a contaminated surface and then your eyes, nose or mouth.

 

 

Self-care

If you feel sick you should rest, drink plenty of fluid, and eat nutritious food. Stay in a separate room from other family members, and use a dedicated bathroom if possible. Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces.

 

Everyone should keep a healthy lifestyle at home. Maintain a healthy diet, sleep, stay active, and make social contact with loved ones through the phone or internet. Children need extra love and attention from adults during difficult times. Keep to regular routines and schedules as much as possible.

 

It is normal to feel sad, stressed, or confused during a crisis. Talking to people you trust, such as friends and family can help. If you feel overwhelmed, talk to a health worker or counselor.

 

 

What does COVID-19 stand for?

'CO' stands for corona, 'VI' for virus, and 'D' for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as '2019 Novel corona virus'  or ‘2019-nCoV.' The COVID-19 virus is a new virus linked to the same family of viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and some types of common cold.

 

 

How do viruses get their name?

Viruses are named based on their genetic structure to facilitate the development of diagnostic tests, vaccines and medicines. Virologists and the wider scientific community do this work, so viruses are named by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).

 

 

Is coronavirus a bacteria or virus?

The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus which spreads primarily through droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose.

To protect yourself, clean your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

 

 

Is there an antibiotic to treat COVID-19?

COVID-19 is caused by a virus, and therefore antibiotics should not be used for prevention or treatment.

 

 

Can people recover from COVID-19?

Most people who get COVID-19 recover from it. Most people who get COVID-19 have mild or moderate symptoms and can recover thanks to supportive care. If you have a cough, fever and difficulty breathing seeks medical care early - call your health facility by telephone first.

 

 

What percentage of patients with COVID-19 needs to be hospitalized?

Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment, and for the majority – especially for children and young adults – illness due to COVID-19 is generally minor. However, for some people it can cause serious illness.

 

Around 1 in every 5 people who are infected with COVID-19 develops difficulty in breathing and requires hospital care.

People who are aged over 60 years and people who have underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, respiratory disease or hypertension are among those who are at greater risk.

 

 

 

What is the recovery time for the coronavirus disease?

Using available preliminary data, the median time from onset to clinical recovery for mild cases is approximately 2 weeks and is 3-6 weeks for patients with severe or critical disease.

 

 

What food should you avoid during COVID-19?

• When cooking and preparing food, limit the amount of salt and high-sodium condiments (e.g. soy sauce and fish sauce).

• Limit your daily salt intake to less than 5 g (approximately 1 teaspoon), and use iodized salt.

• Avoid foods (e.g. snacks) that are high in salt and sugar.

• Limit your intake of soft drinks or sodas and other drinks that are high in sugar (e.g. fruit juices, fruit juice concentrates and syrups, flavored milks and yogurt drinks).

• Choose fresh fruits instead of sweet snacks such as cookies, cakes and chocolate.

 

 

 

Can I catch coronavirus from the feces of someone with the disease?

The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears to be low. While initial investigations suggest the virus may be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route is not a main feature of the outbreak.

The ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share new findings. Because this is a risk, however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating.

 

 

Can COVID-19 be transmitted through food?

There is currently no evidence that people can catch COVID-19 from food. The virus that causes COVID-19 can be killed at temperatures similar to that of other known viruses and bacteria found in food

 

 

 

How dangerous is COVID-19?

Although for most people COVID-19 causes only mild illness, it can make some people very ill. More rarely, the disease can be fatal. Older people, and those with pre- existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes) appear to be more vulnerable.

 

 

Who is most at risk for COVID-19?

The COVID-19 virus infects people of all ages. However, evidence to date suggests that two groups of people are at a higher risk of getting severe COVID-19 disease. These are older people; and those with underlying medical conditions. WHO emphasizes that all must protect themselves from COVID-19 in order to protect others.

 

 

Is a smoker at a higher risk of getting the COVID-19 virus than that a non-smoker?

At the time of preparing this Q&A, there are no peer-reviewed studies that have evaluated the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection associated with smoking. However, tobacco smokers (cigarettes, waterpipes, bidis, cigars, heated tobacco products) may be more vulnerable to contracting COVID-19, as the act of smoking involves contact of fingers (and possibly contaminated cigarettes) with the lips, which increases the possibility of transmission of viruses from hand to mouth. Smoking waterpipes, also known as shisha

 

 

 

Can coronavirus disease spread through raw food?

As a general rule, the consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Raw meat, raw milk or raw animal organs should be handled with care to avoid cross- contamination with uncooked foods.

 

 

Are special hospitals needed for COVID-19 patients?

No. Current WHO recommendations do not include a requirement for exclusive use of specialized or referral hospitals to treat suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease patients.

However, countries or local jurisdictions may choose to care for patients at such hospitals if those are deemed the most likely to be able to safely care for patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV infection or for other clinical reasons

 

 

Do smokers get more severe symptoms of COVID-19 if infected?

Smoking any kind of tobacco reduces lung capacity and increases the risk of many respiratory infections and can increase the severity of respiratory diseases. COVID-19 is an infectious disease that primarily attacks the lungs.

Smoking impairs lung function making it harder for the body to fight off coronaviruses and other respiratory diseases. Available research suggests that smokers are at higher risk of developing severe COVID-19 outcomes and death.

 

 

Does heat prevent COVID-19?

FACT: Exposing yourself to the sun or temperatures higher than 25°C DOES NOT protect you from COVID-19. You can catch COVID-19, no matter how sunny or hot the weather is. Countries with hot weather have reported cases of COVID-19.

 

 

Is the coronavirus disease a pandemic?

The Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) cases have been confirmed in large number of countries due to which the World Health Organisation (WHO) on 11.03.2020 has characterized COVID-19 as pandemic.

 

 

How can I keep positivity during COVID-19 pandemic?

Here are some ways to keep positive and cheerful.

1. be busy. Have a regular schedule. Help in doing some of the work at home.

2. Distract yourself from negative emotions by listening to music, reading, watching an entertaining progragmes on television.

 

 

Who should be quarantined during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Quarantine (home or facility) is meant for asymptomatic/healthy persons who may have been exposed to the COVID-19 infection but are not manifesting any symptoms.

Therefore there is no question of discharge of such persons. However their stay under quarantine period will remain 14 days from the date of last exposure.

 

 

What should I do if I am presenting flu symptoms during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic?

For any fever/flu-like signs/symptoms, please call State helpline number. Or the 24x7 helpline number of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare at 011-23978046.

 

 

Is smoking dangerous during COVID-19 pandemic?

Current evidence suggests that the severity of COVID-19 disease is higher among smokers. Smoking impairs lung function, making it more difficult for the body to fight off respiratory disease due to the new coronavirus.

 

 

Can someone who died from coronavirus disease be buried?

People who have died from COVID-19 can be buried or cremated. Confirm national and local requirements that may dictate the handling and disposition of the remains.

 

 

Can I catch coronavirus from the feces of someone with the disease?

The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears to be low. While initial investigations suggest the virus may be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route is not a main feature of the outbreak.

The ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share new findings. Because this is a risk, however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating.

 

 

How to disinfect houses of COVID-19 patients?

Environmental cleaning in healthcare facilities or homes housing patients with suspected or confirmed 2019-nCoV infection should use disinfectants that are active against enveloped viruses, such as 2019-nCoV and other coronaviruses.

There are many disinfectants, including commonly used hospital disinfectants that are active against enveloped viruses. Currently WHO recommendations include the use of:

 

 

Are fans safe to use during COVID-19?

At home, table or pedestal fans are safe for air circulation among family members living together who are not infected with the virus that causes COVID-19.

However, fans should be avoided when people who are not part of the immediate family are visiting, since some people could have the virus despite not having symptoms.

Air blowing from an infected person directly at another in closed spaces may increase the transmission of the virus from one person to another.

 

 

Can corona virus spread through mosquito bite?

To date there has been neither information nor evidence to suggest that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquitoes. The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus which spreads primarily through droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose.

To protect yourself, clean your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Also, avoid close contact with anyone who is coughing and sneezing.

 

 

What is the recovery time for the coronavirus disease?

Using available preliminary data, the median time from onset to clinical recovery for mild cases is approximately 2 weeks and is 3-6 weeks for patients with severe or critical disease.

 

 

Who is most at risk for COVID-19?

The COVID-19 virus infects people of all ages. However, evidence to date suggests that two groups of people are at a higher risk of getting severe COVID-19 disease.

These are older people; and those with underlying medical conditions. WHO emphasizes that all must protect themselves from COVID-19 in order to protect others.

 

 

What is the incubation period of the coronavirus disease?

The incubation period of the virus is the time between the exposure and the display of symptoms. Current information suggests that the incubation period ranges from 1 to 12.5 days (with median estimates of 5 to 6 days), but can be as long as 14 days.

 

 

Should blood centers routinely screen blood products for COVID-19 virus?

No, although RNA fragments of SARS-CoV-2 were detected in blood of symptomatic COVID-19 patients, this does not mean that the virus is viable. In general, respiratory viruses are not known to be transmitted by blood transfusion.

Blood centers should have routine blood donor screening measures in place to prevent individuals with respiratory symptoms or fever from donating blood. As precautionary measures, blood centers might encourage self-deferral of those with travel history to a COVID-19.

 

 

Can coronavirus disease cause severe respiratory infections in humans?

In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

 

 

How is the transmission of COVID-19 in children different from flu?

Children are important drivers of influenza virus transmission in the community. For COVID-19 virus, initial data indicates that children are less affected than adults and that clinical attack rates in the 0-19 age group are low.

 

 

What is a grade 1 emergency?

Grade 1 emergency Grade 1: a single or multiple country events with minimal public health consequences that requires a minimal WCO response or a minimal international WHO response.

 

 

How long do COVID-19 patients need to be isolated for?

It is important to note that the clinical criteria require that patients' symptoms have been resolved for at least three days before release from isolation, with a minimum time in isolation of 13 days since symptom onset.

 

 

What is the COVID-19 pandemic?

The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China.

The outbreak was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in January 2020 and a pandemic in March 2020.

 

 

 

Can people recover from COVID-19?

Most people who get COVID-19 recover from it. Most people who get COVID-19 have mild or moderate symptoms and can recover thanks to supportive care. If you have a cough, fever and difficulty breathing seeks medical care early - call your health facility by telephone first.

 

 

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