FACTS ABOUT INDIA - INDIAN STATES INFO

INDIAN STATES INFO

Information, General Knowledge, Jobs, Tour & Travels.

Friday, December 20, 2019

FACTS ABOUT INDIA


SOME BASIC FACTS ABOUT INDIA



President: Ram Nath Kovind


Vice President: Venkiah Naidu


Prime Minister:  Mr. Narendra Modi


Capital: New Delhi


National Emblem: Asoka Chakra


National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana


National Song: Vande Mat ram


National Flag: Tricolor (Saffron, White & green)


National Animal: Tiger (Panthers Tigris)


National Bird: Peacock

National Flower: Lotus

National Fruit: Mango


STATES IN INDIA


Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamilnadu, Tripura, Uttarpradesh, Uttaranchal, West Bengal,



UNION TERRITORIES IN INDIA


Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry



NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY: Delhi



MAJOR LANGUAGES IN INDIA


Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Guajarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Manipuri, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskriti, Santali, Sindhi, Sylothi, Tamil, Telegu, Urdu,


MAJOR RELIGIONS IN INDIA


Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, Christian,



MAJOR FESTIVALS IN INDIA


Idd, Holi, Diwali, Janmasthami, Raksha bandhan, Durgapuja, Navaratri, Saraswati puja, Christmas & Bihu.



CHIEF RIVERS IN INDIA


Brahmaputra, Chambal, Gummite, Ganga, Godavari, Hooghly, Indus, Jhelum, Krishna, Knavery, Mahanadi, Narmada Musi, Perilya, Romagna, Sabarmati, Sarayu, Sutlej, Shipra, Tapti, Yamuna.



CHIEF MOUNTAIN RANGES IN INDIA


The Himalayas, the Vindiyas, the Aaravali,
The Eastern Ghats, the Pataki, the Sapura, the Sahyadri.


MAIN GLACIERS IN INDIA


Karakorum Himalaya, Siachen Glaciers, Nubba Valley, Hipar, Biafo, Baltora.


MAJOR CROPS IN INDIA


Bajra, Barley, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Castor Seed, Chilies (dry), Coffee, Coriander, Cotton, Ginger (dry), Gram, Groundnut, Hemp, Juwar, Jute, Line seed, Maize, Mesta, Millets, Mustard, Paddy, Niger seeds, Pulses, Ragi, Rape seeds, Rice, Sunflower, Sun hemp, Sesames, Sugarcanes, Topica, tea, Wheat, Tobacco, Tur.


MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN INDIA


Automobile, Aluminum, Cycles, Cement, Cotton Textiles, Copper Smelting, Fertilizer, Heavy Machines, Iron & Steel, Jute, Pharmaceuticals, Pesticides, Railway Equipments, Silk Textiles, Ship Building, Sugar, Tractors, Woolen Textiles.



MAIN MINERALS IN INDIA


Asbestos, Bauxite, Coal, Copper, Gold, Iron, Manganese, Mica, Petroleum, Uranium & Thorium, Zinc & Lead, Silver.



MAJOR EXPORT PRODUCTS IN INDIA


Tea, Coffee, Cashew Nuts, Cereals, Fruits, Vegetables, Row Cotton, Iron ore, Leather Footwear, Gems & Jewelries, Manufactured Metals, Machinery & Instruments, Readymade Garments, Handicrafts, Crude & Petroleum.


MAJOR IMPORT PRODUCTS IN INDIA

Cereals, Pulses, Edible Oil, Coal, Fertilizer, Transport Equipments, Iron& Steel, Gold, Silver, Pearls, Chemicals, Optical Goods, Non ferrous Metals, Petroleum.



NATIONAL PERKS AND WILD LIFE SANCTURIES IN INDIA


Chandraprabha Sanctuary, Jim Corbett National Park, Decigram Sanctury, Dudhwa National Park, Gir Forests, Ghana Bird Sanctuary, Hazirabhag Ntional Park, Manas National Park, Mudumalai Sanctuary, Nokrek National Park, Namdhapa National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Periyar Game Sanctuary, Palamu Tiger Project, Ranthambor National Park, Shivpuri National Park, Sariska Sanctuary, Simlipal National Park, Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary, Sundorbon National Park, Kaziranga National Park.



INDIA IN FIGURE


Area: 32, 87,263 sq.km.
Location:              Latitude 8°4´N to 37°6´N.
                :              Longitude 68°7´E to 97°25´E
Total Cost Line:    7516.5 km.



TOTAL LAND MASS IN INDIA



Plain: 43.3%
Plateaus: 27.7%
Hills: 18.6%
Mountains: 10.7%
Area Covered by Forest: 752.3 Lakh hectares (19.47%)
Total Population: 1,028,610,328 (16.7% of the world population)
Male Population: 531,277,078
Female Population: 495,738,169
Literacy Rate: 65.38%
Male Literacy: 75.85%
Female Literacy: 54.16%


TOTAL STATES IN INDIA
: 28

UNION TERITORIES IN INDIA
: 06

NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY IN INDIA
: 01

TOTAL DISTRICTS IN INDIA
: 604

RAILWAY ROUTE LENGTHS IN INDIA
: 63,028 KM (approx)

TOTAL ROAD LENGTH IN INDIA
: 33 LAKH KM (approx)

TOTAL NATIONAL HIGHWAYS IN INDIA
: 58,112 KM (approx)

TOTAL INDIAN WATER WAYS
: 14500 KM (approx)

TOTAL LOK SOBHA SEATS IN INDIA
: 545

TOTAL RAJYA SOBHA SEATS IN INDIA
: 245



                  LISTS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIA


NAME OF PRESIDENTS
                      TENURE
NAME
FROM
TO
Dr Rajendra Prashad
26.01.1950
13.05.1962
Dr S. Radhakrishnan
13.05.1962
13.05.1967
Dr Zakir Hussain
13.05.1967
03.05.1969
V. V. Giri
03.05.1969
20.07.1969
JusticeM.Hidayatullah
20.07.1969
24.08.1969
V. V. Giri
24.08.1969
24.08.1974
F.Ali Ahmed
24.08.1974
11.02.1977
B.D.Jatti
11.02.1977
25.07.1977
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
25.07.1977
25.07.1982
Giani Zail Singh
25.07.1982
25.07.1987
R.Venkatraman
25.07.1987
25.07.1992
Dr S. Sharma
25.07.1992
25.07.1997
K.R. Narayan
25.07.1997
25.07.2002
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam
25.07.2002
25.07.2007
Pratibha Patil
25.07.2007
25.07.2012
Pranab Mukherjee
25.07.2012
17.07.2017
MR. R.Kovind
25.07.2017
Till date




                  LISTS OF VICE PRESIDENTS OF INDIA

NAME
FROM
TO
Dr Sarvepalli Radakrishnan
1955
1962
Dr Zakir Hussian
1962
1967
V.V.Giri
1967
1969
G.S.Pathak
1969
1974
B.D.Jatti
1974
1979
Justice M. Hidayatullah
1979
1984
R.Venkatraman
1984
1987
Dr.Shankar Dayal Sharma
1987
1992
K.R.Narayanan
1992
1997
Krishnan Kant
1997
2002
Bhairon Singh Shekawat
2002
2007
Mohammad Hamid Ansari
2007
2017
Venkiah Naidu
2017
Till date





               

           LISTS OF PRIME MINISTERS OF INDIA

NAME OF PM
FROM
TO
Jawhar Lal Nehru
15.08.1947
27.05.1964
Gulzari Lal Nanda
27.05.1964
09.06.1964
Lal Bahdur Shastri
09.06.1964
11.01.1966
Gulzari Lal Nanda
11.01.1966
24.01.1966
Indira Gandhi
24.01.1966
24.03.1977
Moraji Desai
24.03.1977
28.07.1979
Charan Singh
28.07.1979
14.01.1980
Indira Gandhi
14.01.1980
31.10.1984
Rajib Gandhi
31.10.1984
01.12.1989
V.P.Singh
21.12.1989
10.11.1990
Chandra Sekhar
10.11.1990
21.06.1991
P.V. Narsimha Rao
21.06.1991
16.05.1996
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
16.05.1996
01.06.1996
H.D.Deve Gowda
01.06.1996
21.04.1997
I.K.Gujral
21.04.1997
18.03.1998
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
19.03.1998
13.10.1999
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
13.10.1999.
13.05.2004
Dr Manmohan Singh
22.05.2004
13.05.2014
Narendra Modi
13.05.2014
Till Date




             INDIAN STATE CHIEF MINISTERS NAME

STATE
CHIEF MINISTERS NAME
Andhra Pradesh - ,
Jagmohan Reddy
 Arunachal Pradesh -,
Prema Kandu
Assam,
Sarbanada Sonwal
Bihar,
Sri Nitish Kumar
Chhattisgarh,
Bhupesh Bhagel
Goa,
Pramod Sawant
Gujarat,
Shri Vijayabhai R. Rupani
Haryana,
Shri Manoharlal Khattar
Himachal Pradesh,
Jai Ram Thakur
Jammu & Kashmir,
Governors rule
Jharkhand,
Shri Raghubor Das
Karnataka,
Shri B.S.Yadiyuroppa
Kerala,
Shri PinarayiVijoyan
Ladakh
Presidents Rule
Madhya Pradesh,
Kamal Nath
Maharashtra,
Shri Uddhav Thakrey
Manipur,
Nngthombam Biren Singh
Meghalaya,
Conrad Sangma
Mizoram,
Zormathanga
Nagaland,
Neiphu Rio
Orissa,
NaveeN Patnaik
Puducherry
V.Narayansamay
Punjab,
Captain Amrinder Singh
Rajasthan,
Shri Ashok Gehlot
Sikkim,
Shri Prem Singh Tamang
Tamil Nadu,
Shri Edappadi K Palaniswami
Tlengana
Chanrashekhar Rao
Tripura,
Shri Biplab Kumar Deb
Uttar Pradesh,
Shri Yogi Adityanath
Uttaranchal,
Trivendra Singh Rawat
Uttarakhand
Trivendra Singh Rawat
West Bengal,
Mamta Banarjee
Andaman Ncobar
Presidents rule


DO YOU KNOW?
The constitution of India is the Lengthiest written constitution in the World!



NATIONAL ANTHEM



The Constitution Assembly adopted the song “Jana-Gana-Mana” as the National anthem of India on January 24, 1950. It was first sung on December 27, 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian national Congress.


Playing time of the full version of the national Anthem is approximately 52 seconds.


Jana-gana-mana-adhinaayaka, jaya he
        Bharata-bhagya-bidhata.

Punja-Sindh-Gujrat-Maratha
        Dravida-uthkala-Banga

Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga
         Uchchala-Jaladhi-Taranga

Tava shubha name jage,
        Tava shubha asisa mange,
Gahe tava jaya ghata,

Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
        Bharata-bhagya-bidhata.

jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
        jaya jaya jaya jaya he!



FOUNDATION DAY OF INDIAN STATES


Andhra Pradesh – 01 Nov
 Arunachal Pradesh – 20Feb
Bihar-01 Apr
Chhattisgarh – 01 Nov
Gujarat-01 May
Haryana- 01 Nov
Himachal Pradesh- 15 Apr
Jammu & Kashmir-06 Feb
Jharkhand - 15 Nov
Karnataka - 01 Nov
Kerala- 01 Nov
Madhya Pradesh-01 Nov
Maharashtra – 01 May
Manipur – 21 Jan
Meghalaya – 21 Jan
Mizoram -  Feb 20
Nagaland – 01 Dec
Nicobor Islands – 11 Mar
Punjab – 01 Nov
Sikkim  -16 May
Tamil Nadu – 14 Apr
Tripura- 21 Jan
Uttar Pradesh – 01 Nov
Uttaranchal – 09 Nov





No comments:

Post a Comment

Please do not enter any spam link in the comment