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Friday, December 20, 2019

Facts about India


Some basic Facts about India

 

facts-about-India

 

President: Ram Nath Kovind

 

Vice President: Venkiah Naidu

 

Prime Minister:  Mr. Narendra Modi

 

Capital: New Delhi

 

National Emblem: Asoka Chakra

 

National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana

 

National Song: Vande Mat ram

 

National Flag: Tricolor (Saffron, White & green)

 

National Animal: Tiger (Panthers Tigris)

 

National Bird: Peacock

 

National Flower: Lotus

 

National Fruit: Mango

 

 

STATES IN INDIA

 

Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamilnadu, Tripura, Uttarpradesh, Uttaranchal, West Bengal,

 

 



UNION TERRITORIES IN INDIA

 

Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry

 

 

 

NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY: Delhi

 

 

 

MAJOR LANGUAGES IN INDIA

 

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Guajarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Manipuri, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskriti, Santali, Sindhi, Sylothi, Tamil, Telegu, Urdu,

 

 

MAJOR RELIGIONS IN INDIA

 

Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, Christian,

 





MAJOR FESTIVALS IN INDIA

 

Idd, Holi, Diwali, Janmasthami, Raksha bandhan, Durgapuja, Navaratri, Saraswati puja, Christmas & Bihu.

 

 



CHIEF RIVERS IN INDIA

 

Brahmaputra, Chambal, Gummite, Ganga, Godavari, Hooghly, Indus, Jhelum, Krishna, Knavery, Mahanadi, Narmada Musi, Perilya, Romagna, Sabarmati, Sarayu, Sutlej, Shipra, Tapti, Yamuna.

 





CHIEF MOUNTAIN RANGES IN INDIA

 

The Himalayas, the Vindiyas, the Aaravali,

The Eastern Ghats, the Pataki, the Sapura, the Sahyadri.

 



MAIN GLACIERS IN INDIA

 

Karakorum Himalaya, Siachen Glaciers, Nubba Valley, Hipar, Biafo, Baltora.

 

 

MAJOR CROPS IN INDIA

 

Bajra, Barley, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Castor Seed, Chilies (dry), Coffee, Coriander, Cotton, Ginger (dry), Gram, Groundnut, Hemp, Juwar, Jute, Line seed, Maize, Mesta, Millets, Mustard, Paddy, Niger seeds, Pulses, Ragi, Rape seeds, Rice, Sunflower, Sun hemp, Sesames, Sugarcanes, Topica, tea, Wheat, Tobacco, Tur.

 



MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN INDIA

 

Automobile, Aluminum, Cycles, Cement, Cotton Textiles, Copper Smelting, Fertilizer, Heavy Machines, Iron & Steel, Jute, Pharmaceuticals, Pesticides, Railway Equipments, Silk Textiles, Ship Building, Sugar, Tractors, Woolen Textiles.

 

 



MAIN MINERALS IN INDIA

 

Asbestos, Bauxite, Coal, Copper, Gold, Iron, Manganese, Mica, Petroleum, Uranium & Thorium, Zinc & Lead, Silver.

 



 

MAJOR EXPORT PRODUCTS IN INDIA

 

Tea, Coffee, Cashew Nuts, Cereals, Fruits, Vegetables, Row Cotton, Iron ore, Leather Footwear, Gems & Jewelries, Manufactured Metals, Machinery & Instruments, Readymade Garments, Handicrafts, Crude & Petroleum.

 



MAJOR IMPORT PRODUCTS IN INDIA

 

Cereals, Pulses, Edible Oil, Coal, Fertilizer, Transport Equipments, Iron& Steel, Gold, Silver, Pearls, Chemicals, Optical Goods, Non ferrous Metals, Petroleum.

 



NATIONAL PERKS AND WILD LIFE SANCTURIES IN INDIA

 

Chandraprabha Sanctuary, Jim Corbett National Park, Decigram Sanctury, Dudhwa National Park, Gir Forests, Ghana Bird Sanctuary, Hazirabhag Ntional Park, Manas National Park, Mudumalai Sanctuary, Nokrek National Park, Namdhapa National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Periyar Game Sanctuary, Palamu Tiger Project, Ranthambor National Park, Shivpuri National Park, Sariska Sanctuary, Simlipal National Park, Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary, Sundorbon National Park, Kaziranga National Park.

 





INDIA IN FIGURE

 

Area: 32, 87,263 sq.km.

Location:              Latitude 8°4´N to 37°6´N.

                :              Longitude 68°7´E to 97°25´E

Total Cost Line:    7516.5 km.

 

 

 

TOTAL LAND MASS IN INDIA

 

 

Plain: 43.3%

Plateaus: 27.7%

Hills: 18.6%

Mountains: 10.7%

Area Covered by Forest: 752.3 Lakh hectares (19.47%)

Total Population: 1,028,610,328 (16.7% of the world population)

Male Population: 531,277,078

Female Population: 495,738,169

Literacy Rate: 65.38%

Male Literacy: 75.85%

Female Literacy: 54.16%

 

 

TOTAL STATES IN INDIA

: 28

 

UNION TERITORIES IN INDIA

: 06

 

NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY IN INDIA

: 01

 

TOTAL DISTRICTS IN INDIA

: 604

 

RAILWAY ROUTE LENGTHS IN INDIA

: 63,028 KM (approx)

 

TOTAL ROAD LENGTH IN INDIA

: 33 LAKH KM (approx)

 

TOTAL NATIONAL HIGHWAYS IN INDIA

: 58,112 KM (approx)

 

TOTAL INDIAN WATER WAYS

: 14500 KM (approx)

 

TOTAL LOK SOBHA SEATS IN INDIA

: 545

 

TOTAL RAJYA SOBHA SEATS IN INDIA

: 245

 





                  LISTS OF PRESIDENTS OF INDIA

NAME OF PRESIDENTS

                      TENURE

NAME

FROM

TO

Dr Rajendra Prashad

26.01.1950

13.05.1962

Dr S. Radhakrishnan

13.05.1962

13.05.1967

Dr Zakir Hussain

13.05.1967

03.05.1969

V. V. Giri

03.05.1969

20.07.1969

JusticeM.Hidayatullah

20.07.1969

24.08.1969

V. V. Giri

24.08.1969

24.08.1974

F.Ali Ahmed

24.08.1974

11.02.1977

B.D.Jatti

11.02.1977

25.07.1977

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

25.07.1977

25.07.1982

Giani Zail Singh

25.07.1982

25.07.1987

R.Venkatraman

25.07.1987

25.07.1992

Dr S. Sharma

25.07.1992

25.07.1997

K.R. Narayan

25.07.1997

25.07.2002

Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam

25.07.2002

25.07.2007

Pratibha Patil

25.07.2007

25.07.2012

Pranab Mukherjee

25.07.2012

17.07.2017

MR. R.Kovind

25.07.2017

Till date

 







           LISTS OF VICE PRESIDENTS OF INDIA

NAME

FROM

TO

Dr Sarvepalli Radakrishnan

1955

1962

Dr Zakir Hussian

1962

1967

V.V.Giri

1967

1969

G.S.Pathak

1969

1974

B.D.Jatti

1974

1979

Justice M. Hidayatullah

1979

1984

R.Venkatraman

1984

1987

Dr.Shankar Dayal Sharma

1987

1992

K.R.Narayanan

1992

1997

Krishnan Kant

1997

2002

Bhairon Singh Shekawat

2002

2007

Mohammad Hamid Ansari

2007

2017

Venkiah Naidu

2017

Till date

 






 

               

           LISTS OF PRIME MINISTERS OF INDIA

NAME OF PM

FROM

TO

Jawhar Lal Nehru

15.08.1947

27.05.1964

Gulzari Lal Nanda

27.05.1964

09.06.1964

Lal Bahdur Shastri

09.06.1964

11.01.1966

Gulzari Lal Nanda

11.01.1966

24.01.1966

Indira Gandhi

24.01.1966

24.03.1977

Moraji Desai

24.03.1977

28.07.1979

Charan Singh

28.07.1979

14.01.1980

Indira Gandhi

14.01.1980

31.10.1984

Rajib Gandhi

31.10.1984

01.12.1989

V.P.Singh

21.12.1989

10.11.1990

Chandra Sekhar

10.11.1990

21.06.1991

P.V. Narsimha Rao

21.06.1991

16.05.1996

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

16.05.1996

01.06.1996

H.D.Deve Gowda

01.06.1996

21.04.1997

I.K.Gujral

21.04.1997

18.03.1998

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

19.03.1998

13.10.1999

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

13.10.1999.

13.05.2004

Dr Manmohan Singh

22.05.2004

13.05.2014

Narendra Modi

13.05.2014

Till Date

 







        INDIAN STATE CHIEF MINISTERS NAME

STATE

CHIEF MINISTERS NAME

Andhra Pradesh - ,

Jagmohan Reddy

 Arunachal Pradesh -,

Prema Kandu

Assam,

Sarbanada Sonwal

Bihar,

Sri Nitish Kumar

Chhattisgarh,

Bhupesh Bhagel

Goa,

Pramod Sawant

Gujarat,

Shri Vijayabhai R. Rupani

Haryana,

Shri Manoharlal Khattar

Himachal Pradesh,

Jai Ram Thakur

Jammu & Kashmir,

Governors rule

Jharkhand,

Shri Raghubor Das

Karnataka,

Shri B.S.Yadiyuroppa

Kerala,

Shri PinarayiVijoyan

Ladakh

Presidents Rule

Madhya Pradesh,

Kamal Nath

Maharashtra,

Shri Uddhav Thakrey

Manipur,

Nngthombam Biren Singh

Meghalaya,

Conrad Sangma

Mizoram,

Zormathanga

Nagaland,

Neiphu Rio

Orissa,

NaveeN Patnaik

Puducherry

V.Narayansamay

Punjab,

Captain Amrinder Singh

Rajasthan,

Shri Ashok Gehlot

Sikkim,

Shri Prem Singh Tamang

Tamil Nadu,

Shri Edappadi K Palaniswami

Tlengana

Chanrashekhar Rao

Tripura,

Shri Biplab Kumar Deb

Uttar Pradesh,

Shri Yogi Adityanath

Uttaranchal,

Trivendra Singh Rawat

Uttarakhand

Trivendra Singh Rawat

West Bengal,

Mamta Banarjee

Andaman Ncobar

Presidents rule

 

 

DO YOU KNOW?

The constitution of India is the Lengthiest written constitution in the World!

 





NATIONAL ANTHEM

 

 

The Constitution Assembly adopted the song “Jana-Gana-Mana” as the National anthem of India on January 24, 1950. It was first sung on December 27, 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian national Congress.

 

 

Playing time of the full version of the national Anthem is approximately 52 seconds.

 

 

Jana-gana-mana-adhinaayaka, jaya he

        Bharata-bhagya-bidhata.

 

Punja-Sindh-Gujrat-Maratha

        Dravida-uthkala-Banga

 

Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga

         Uchchala-Jaladhi-Taranga

 

Tava shubha name jage,

        Tava shubha asisa mange,

Gahe tava jaya ghata,

 

Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he

        Bharata-bhagya-bidhata.

 

jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,

        jaya jaya jaya jaya he!

 

 



FOUNDATION DAY OF INDIAN STATES

 

Andhra Pradesh – 01 Nov

 Arunachal Pradesh – 20Feb

Bihar-01 Apr

Chhattisgarh – 01 Nov

Gujarat-01 May

Haryana- 01 Nov

Himachal Pradesh- 15 Apr

Jammu & Kashmir-06 Feb

Jharkhand - 15 Nov

Karnataka - 01 Nov

Kerala- 01 Nov

Madhya Pradesh-01 Nov

Maharashtra – 01 May

Manipur – 21 Jan

Meghalaya – 21 Jan

Mizoram -  Feb 20

Nagaland – 01 Dec

Nicobor Islands – 11 Mar

Punjab – 01 Nov

Sikkim  -16 May

Tamil Nadu – 14 Apr

Tripura- 21 Jan

Uttar Pradesh – 01 Nov

Uttaranchal – 09 Nov

 



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